Water purification is paramount, more so when you find yourself away from the horn. Carrying bottled water with you might be ideal, but this option will only last you so long. Knowledge of several water purification techniques may be the difference between survival and imminent water infection, but don’t you worry, I have put together a few tips and tricks to ensure you know how to purify water for cooking and drinking on your next adventure.
What is Water purification?
Water purification is the process where you remove unwanted substances, solid and gaseous suspensions and any other biological contaminants from water, mainly to make the water fit for consumption. Remember, before you can start purification, you will need to find a good water source. I recommend ponds or streams, but rain, ice, snow or even dew can be used to collect water. Tapping a maple or birch tree is also a creative way to get water but only if the option is available to you. Although some of these sources come with clear water, it is always a good idea to further purify the water to be sure. I have prepared for you six easy ways to purify your water.
How to Purify Water
Boiling is a viable method if your water source doesn’t have too much chemical pollution. The process kills bacteria and parasites in the water but does not evaporate all chemical pollutants. It is, however, one of the safer methods for water disinfection. Boil water for 5-10 minutes to be safe. Use a heatproof container and boil over a fire or stove. 2.Create an improvised filter
At some point in the adventure, you may find yourself in a survival situation with no access to a filter or chemicals to purify the water you want to drink. Boiling is one option, but it can’t get sand, chemicals, and other particles out of the water. These particles will remain even after cooking with the water, and as a result, you may suffer from significant health effects. Faced with such a situation, the best way to purify your water is to use an improvised filter. It is possible to create a filter with materials readily available to you, and this will ensure that dirt particles and some of the chemicals are removed from the water. Remember to boil the water after filtering it so that all viruses and bacteria are killed. How to Create the filterThings you will require – Water from a source – pebbles – charcoal – Sand -a piece of cloth
Step 1: Creating the filter
You can create a filter by removing the bottom of a bottle. Turn the bottle upside-down (with the cap down), and then the put in the materials in the order pebbles, sand, cloth, charcoal, cloth, sand, pebbles, like illustrated in the image above. The cloth is used to ensure that all the different materials do not mix. The pebbles and sand filter the particles and the dirt out of the water. The charcoal removes most of the chemicals out of the water. You can’t remove any viruses and bacteria from the water using this filter, so you have to boil the water afterwards.
Step 2: How to Use the Filter
Gently fetch some water from a pond or a puddle with your cup and try to get as little dirt as possible as you can The more soil, the faster the filter becomes clogged and inevitably unusable. Pour the collected water No the filter and catch it at the bottom of the screen in a clean container. I recommend throwing away the first bit of water out of your filter because it is often cloudy and not that clean. If the water that comes out of your filter is clear, it is right for you to use Cooking will kill viruses and bacteria that are still present in your water. Boil the water for at least ten to fifteen minutes before drinking it
Distilling involves heating water into steam which is then captured and reverted into a liquid state. Distilling is one of the ways to make salty water suitable for drinking. If you’re also concerned with heavy metal contamination then distilling your water is the way to go.
How to make distilled water at home
Fill a stainless-steel container half full with regular or tap water. 2. Place a round, glass bowl afloat in the water into the steel container. The container is not to touch the bottom of the pot. It will easily float if you put the right amount of water in your steel container. If it proves challenging to float it, place a round rack on the bottom of the pot to give the glass bowl support. 3. Place the container’s lid on the container upside down to form a bowl shape and fill it with ice. Remember the rule of condensation; hot steam touches the cold layer and condenses into the inner bowl. 4. When you suspect the bowl will sink, gently empty it into a clean container and repeat the process. 5. Refill the ice periodically to ensure complete condensation.
4. Survival Straw filter
One of the most light-weight ways to purify water is by using a straw style filter. These straws are used in the same as any ordinary drinking straw, and some can also be connected to drain valves. These filters contain activated carbon which filters out most large pathogens and bacteria in addition to adding flavour to the water. You can purchase a straw style filter for emergency preparedness from the link below.
5. Solar disinfection (SODIS)
SODIS or solar disinfection is a water treatment method that uses the sun for disinfection. The method purifies water and makes it drinkable. This method is however not a good option for any chemical contamination.
Three things to consider when applying the SODIS method
- Material and colour of the container Use clear glass or plastic bottles for this method. The most common practice is to use plastic bottles full of water and leave them in the sun for at least a day. UV rays kill almost all of the biologically-based contaminants in the water. The advantage Is that it’s easy to use
- Quality of the water The water has to be transparent with no colouration. This method will not work otherwise. Make sure you have filtered all particles from the water.
- Weather Make sure to put out the water on a sunny day. For cloudy days, leave the bottles out for an extra day to ensure decontamination.
6. Using a Commercial Filter
Even though you can create your filter, it is best to invest in a commercial filter as part of your survival gear. These filters use a pump to force water through a filtration cartridge. The method gets rid of almost eve common bacteria and viruses present. This method is a terrific option for purifying large amounts of =M Follow the link below to see a list of affordable commercial filters.
Disinfecting and filtering your water supply is a vital step especially when you are not sure about the purity of the water you are using. If you are faced with this emergency, you’ll need to know what your available options are for clean water. With the above-provided knowledge on how to purify water with the help of water softener, you’ll have the skills to turn almost any water source into drinkable water. Did you like this information? Please leave your suggestions or comments belo